Acme Turizm Hac



One of the wisest, most majestic, most magnificent, and in Turkish terms, one of the most magnificent acts of worship in Islam is Hajj.

The fifth condition of Islam is Hajj. Ya'ni, it is obligatory to go to the Ka'ba-i mu'azzama once in your life. The second and later pilgrimages will be futile. Hajj, in the vocabulary, means to mean, to do, to want. In Islam, it means visiting a certain place at a certain time by doing certain things.

"Indeed, 'Safa' and 'Marwa' are among the signs of Allah. Thus, whoever makes the pilgrimage to the House (Ka'ba) or performs umrah, there is no sin for him to circumambulate these two. And whoever does good from his heart (will be rewarded). Indeed, Allah is the appreciator of gratitude, the knower." 







Masjid al-Haram is a large temple in Makkah-i Mukerrama, in the middle of which the Kaaba is located. Masjid al-Haram is also called ”Harem al-Sharif". This is the first mosque built on Earth. The fact that it is called Masjid al-Haram is because it is a wajib of passion and respect. Hadith-i Sharif also said: One prayer in my Masjid (Masjid-i Nabawi in Medina) is more virtuous than a thousand prayers performed in other masjids. And one prayer performed at the Sacred Mosque is more virtuous than a hundred thousand prayers performed at other mosques. it's been ordered.A glass of water that you will serve here is equal to the water that you will serve to a hundred thousand people elsewhere. In the same way, a sin and a lack of adaptability that you will commit in this holy city will be multiplied by a hundred thousand.


The Masjid al-Haram and the metaf (circumambulation area) have been expanded from time to time until our time. As follows: Hazrat.Omar, (r.a.) he bought and expanded the huts located around and surrounded them with walls and had oil lamps placed on the walls. Hz. Osman, (r.a.) he expanded it a little more, raised the walls and had porches put on the walls.Devlet-i Ali Osmaniyya expanded the circumambulation area to its current state. He made leaves (dome) embroidered with gold on the edges. But he made sure that the domes were not higher than Bethlehem.During the time of the Saudis, the mosque part was expanded in its final form. The KAABA to Allah c.c The Kaaba is the first building built on earth to be worshipped. The Kaaba is in the middle of the Masjid al-Haram, the wall lengths are 11-12 m. ranging from about 13 m. Dec. in height, it is a four-cornered building made of stone. It is covered with a black veil, which is renewed every year during the pilgrimage season.If it is considered that two lines cross diagonally from their corners, the ends of these lines show approximately four principal directions. Each of these corners has a separate name: the eastern corner is called “Rukn-i Hajar-i Aswad” or “Rukn-i Sharqi”, the southern corner is called “Rukn-i Yemani”, the western corner is called “Rukn-i Shami”, and the northern corner is called “Rukn-i Iraqi”.

hajar al-aswad Hazrat. The stone called “Hajar-i-aswad”, which Ismail brought from Abu Kubays mountain, was brought by Hazrat Ismail. Ibrahim placed it in the corner where it is still located, as a sign of the place where the circumambulation will begin. When the building was completed, Hazrat did the first circumambulation. Abraham and the Prophet. Ishmael said, ”O our Lord, accept this service from us. Surely you hear our prayer and know our intentions." they prayed. (Baqara 127) After the construction of the Kaaba was completed, Allah Almighty, the Prophet. He ordered Abraham to invite all the people to make the pilgrimage. (Hajj, 27-29) (6890)-


Ibn Umar radiyallahu anhuma says: "The Messenger of Allah turned towards Hajar al-Aswad, then put his lips on her and left her after crying for a long time. And he looked at it, Hazrat. Omar is with him, he's crying too. He immediately said: ”O Omar, tears are shed here."(K.Sitte)

Hajar al-Aswad, Adam a.s. he was sent down from paradise together with. Adam (a.s.) He placed it in the Kaaba-i Muazzama, it was entrusted to Abu kubays Mountain during the flood of Noah, Ibrahim a.s. When he built the Bethlehem, he placed it in its current place.Moreover, Haceru-l Esvedi Sultan Murat Khan the Fourth, which was divided into 12 parchas, collected it into bullets and built a silver enclosure. With the alliance of four sects: it is necessary to kiss Hajar al-Aswad without tormenting anyone and without seeing oppression on oneself. Because kissing is sunnah, avoiding ezah is wajib. It is sunnah to invade this stone at the beginning of tawaf, at the end of each shav and at the beginning of sa. (Bukhari)My Lord s.a.and they said, "Indeed, Hajar Aswad is one of the rubies of paradise. On the Day of Resurrection, he will be resurrected, even though he has two eyes, a tongue that testifies to those who invaded him with the truth and sidk, and speaks.”Brother b. Rebia (r.a) He says: "I am Hazrat. Omar (r.a) I saw Hajar al-Aswad kissing. He kissed her and said, "I know that you are a stone, you have neither benefit nor harm. I am the Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) if I hadn't seen you kissing, I would never have kissed you,” he said.” [Buhari]

When the ancestor came to the corner where Hajar al-Aswad was located, he said: ”O Abu Muhammad! What have you heard about this Hajar al-Aswad ruknu?" said. The Ata replied: "Abu Hurayrah (r.a) to me, the Messenger of Allah (p.a.v): He explained that he said, ”Whoever turns to Hajar al-aswada, will surely turn to Allah, the Most Merciful."” Between Hatim And Hijr Ismail Rukn-i Iraqi and Rukn-i Shami, opposite the golden Declivity, on the northwestern side of the Kaaba, at a height of 1.25m from the ground, 1.5m thick, a semicircular wall is called hatim. Circumambulation is done from outside this wall. The Declivity between this wall and the Kaaba is also called Hijr-i Kaaba or Hijr-i Ismail.Hz. This part was also included in the Kaaba building built by Ibrahim. Therefore, the inner part of Hatim is considered to be from the Kaaba. During the repair of the Kaaba by the Quraysh tribe about 5 years before the prophethood of the Prophet, this part was left outside the building because there were not enough construction materials.(Kaaba, Hazrat. It has been repaired at various dates since the construction of Abraham. This repair of the Quraysh is the fifth repair of the Kaaba.) Hz. It is narrated that Ismail and his mother Hajar were buried here. Since it is included in the Kaaba, it is wajib that circumambulation should be performed from outside this wall.

Hz. Our mother Aisha said; I would like to enter the Kaaba and perform prayers there. The Prophet (p.a.v) one day he took me by the hand and put me inside Hatim and said: “When you want to enter the Kaaba, enter Hatim. Establish prayer there, for Hatim is a part of Bethlehem.”


Makami Ibrahim Makami Ibrahim: When building the Bethlehem, Hazrat. It is the place where the blessed stone that Abraham used as a scaffold is located.Hz. Ismail carried a stone, Hazrat. Abraham also built the walls. When the walls rise and become inaccessible from the ground, Hazrat. Ismail brought the stone, which is a place of visitation with the name of ”Makam-ı Ibrahim". Hz. Abraham used this stone as a scaffold.Even today, the footprints of the blessed feet of Ibrahim Aleyhisselam are clearly seen on this stone as a miracle. Now this blessed stone is located in the circumambulation area in an enclosure made of glass in the form of a cage. In the Noble Verse: "When we made the Kaaba a place of meeting and trust for people. So take a place of prayer for yourselves from the place of Abraham. We commanded Abraham and Ishmael: “Keep my house clean for those who circumambulate, those who devote themselves to worship, those who bow down and prostrate.” he would. (Baqara 125) Our Salaf-i Salihin masters, especially the Ashab-i Kiram, have taken it upon themselves to be present at the Maqam Ibrahim for prayer, dhikr, supplication and other devotions. If possible, it is mustahab to perform the circumambulation prayer in the Makkah of Abraham.


Mizab-ı Kaaba (Altun Gutter) For the rainwater to flow, the Golden Gutter in the middle of the upper part of the Kaaba facing Hatim is called Mizab-ı Kaaba. It was narrated from Salaf-i Salihin that; “Prayer is exclusive in Hatim, under the golden groove. The friends of Allah have preferred this place for performing their worship. This is one of the places where prayer is quickly accepted.”Hz. Osman (r.a) They said: “Ask me, where do I come from.? I come from under the gutter, from heaven. The prayer performed under the gutter is like the prayer performed in paradise.” The 2m place between the gate of the Holy Kaaba and Rukn-i Hajar-i As Deced is called the holy sharif.It was named as “sekezem” because of the pilgrims performing the prayer at this blessed place after circumambulation of Bethlehem.Amr Ibn Shuayb (r.a) his father reports with his tariq: "I performed circumambulation with Abdullah (who is his father). He came to Hajar al-Aswad and invaded me. Standing between the bow and the door (at the door), he patted his chest, face, arms and palms like this - he showed them Decently - and then said: “Here is the Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) I've seen you do exactly that!" said. (Abu Dawud) Zamzam is in the east of the Kaaba, the Almighty, the Prophet. It is the water that Hajar and her son Ismail bestowed upon Aleyhisselam.Zamzam-i Sharif comes out of a 42 m deep well. Our Prophet said: May Allah have mercy on Ishmael's mother, if she had left zamzam on her own –or if she had not grabbed the water- zamzam would have been flowing water”About the virtue of Zamzam Sharif, Our Prophet (p.a.v) They say: “The water of zamzam is the best of the waters on the earth. In it there is the essence of taams, healing for material and spiritual diseases. ”"Zamzam water is for what it was drunk for. If you drink with the desire for healing, Allah will heal you. If you drink to satisfy your stomach, Allah will feed you. If you drink to quench your thirst, Allah will quench your thirst. He is the son of Gabriel (a.s) The water well he dug and it is a favor of almighty Allah to Ismail Aleyhisselam. ”One of the signs between us and the hypocrites is that they cannot drink blood from my Decrees. Then we should drink zamzam until our ribs are full.”(6910)-

Hz. Jabir radiyallahu anh explains: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: "Zamzam water is useful for whatever purpose it is drunk for.” (K.This hadith introduces the custom of intending when drinking zamzam: it can be intended to relieve hunger or thirst, as well as it can be intended to cure illness or something else. Some narrators have stated that bittecrube fulfilled their intentions with the permission of Allah.The Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) washing the inside with zamzam indicates the virtue of zamzam water. Because our Lord the Prophet (p.a.v) inside the blessed place, the blessed place was washed only with zamzam. Why zamzam and not paradise water? The Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) What is the wisdom of bathing with zamzam and not with the waters of paradise, Jul, which are cleaner and more fertile?If it had been washed with the water of paradise, the ummah would not have been granted with its blessings in this world because there is no running water on this earth. He was washed with zamzam, which is one of the waters that come down from the sky and stand on the earth. The Ummah benefits from it. The abundance of zamzam 1. Zamzam has been an occasion of blessing for the ummah. 2. The exit point of Zamzam is towards the most fertile place (next to the Kaaba). 3. The reason why Zamzam first appeared on earth was because of the Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) his ancestor Hazrat. Ishmael (a.s)has been. 4. Hz. Ishmael's (a.s) his mother Hazrat. Hajar, our mother, was eating with zamzam. He was relieving the need for eating and drinking with her. This blessing has not been given to any water other than zamzam. 5. Zamzam came to the earth through Jibril-i Emin. Zamzam is actually blessed, it came out in a blessed place, blessed sayyid (Hazrat.He was the first to come out for Ismail as), mubarak came out through Emin (Jibril). All this is for the purpose of multiplying the honor and glory of zamzam. Allah offers His creation to whomever He wills, whether living or inanimate, and glorifies him. The Graves of the Prophets are the angels who circumambulated the Kaaba first.


There are tombs of prophets from Hijr to Rukn-ü Yemaniye. When any prophet was subjected to the oppression of his people, he would go out and come to the Kaaba and worship his Lord there until he died (H.Companions). The reconstruction of the kaaba The Master of the Universe was 35 years old.At this time, the Quraysh Tribe decided to demolish the Kaaba walls and repair them again. Finally, a great flood that came shook the Kaaba all over and cracked its walls.By the way, a woman lit a fire in the Harem. Dec. The sparks of fire leaping from the grove ignited the cover of the Kaaba and caused it to burn. The Meccans now made an effort to fulfill their decision as soon as possible. (Ibn Hisham Sire)The task of Decking the Kaaba walls with stones was divided into four sections among the tribes by the Qur'an. (Ibn Hisham Sire)Every tribe was washing the side that fell to it. Hz. The foundation laid by Abraham was reached down to. After that, green green stones like camel's backs fused together began to be seen!Their intention was to go even lower. However, they did not succeed in this. When one of them swung a pickaxe at these green stones, they suddenly saw that Mecca shook as if it had been destroyed. Everyone started to get scared and worried. After that, they realized that they were not allowed to demolish it, and they used their dugouts. (Ibn Hisham Sire)




Safa: It is a small mountain 130 m away from Kaaba-i Sharif. It is the starting place of Sa. Merve: It is a small mountain 300 m away from Bethlehem. It is the final place of Sa. Almighty Allah says: Surely Safa and Marwa are among the signs of Allah. So whoever makes the pilgrimage to the Kaaba or performs Umrah, there is no sin for him to circumambulate both of them. And whoever does good out of his heart, let him know that Allah is the One who rewards gratitude and knows everything. (Baccarat p. 158) According to a rumor, there was an idol named "Isaf" on Safa in the age of ignorance, and another idol named "Naile" on Marwa, the idolaters of ignorance circumambulated between them and anointed them, after Islam broke the gallipoli, Muslims were afraid of circumambulation between Safa and Marwa, they Decried it unpleasant, so this verse was sent down so that do not be afraid, there is no sin in it. "Isaf", there is an idol named "Naile" on Marwa, the polytheists of ignorance circumambulated between them and Decambulation, Muslims were afraid of circumambulation between Safa and Marwa, after Islam broke the gallipoli, Muslims were afraid of circumambulation between Safa and Marwa, they saw it unpleasant, so do not be afraid, there is no sin in it, bil'akis, because these are from poetry, this tawaf was encouraged, and it was declared with hadiths that this encouragement acts as a kind of body expression, and it was wajib, if not fard, to start tawaf Safa. Hazrat Ibrahim, after leaving the Prophet, left in this valley. Hajar and Hazrat. Ishmael had shrunk to the last decere from thirst. Hajar put her liver in the Harem, ran from hill to hill looking for water, and at this time, Allah almighty, showing his grace, squirted water at the Zamzam well, and her state, which had reached the last degree, caught up with them in their need, and thus showed that although Allah almighty had given her loved ones in the world, she did not leave her prayer and asylum, and spent the last vus that she could in this father, patience and perseverance he helps those who make behemehal and ankarib to help with ihsan ferah-ü ferecini. It is about to be an omen that he has shown Safa and Marwa to be of his kind until the Day of Resurrection, all believers, and as stated, when they are tested with such a little fear, hunger, and other kind of work, they should not be meyus and should work to attain patience with the glad tidings. Even the encroachments of the polytheists, such as putting idols on these hills for a while, cannot efface this memory, adding them to the circumambulation is not a sin, but a reward.


              MASJID   Al-NAWABI




There was a dispute about where the Prophet Muhammad would be buried when he passed away in the Hereafter. Hz. Abu Bakr (r.a) The Messenger of Allah in his hadith, which I have heard from him and have not forgotten (p.a.v) “A grave is not dug for a Prophet anywhere other than where he died.”[1] he said that he had. After that, Hazrat. It was decided to dig the gold of the mattress on which our Prophet lay in Aisha's room as a grave.There are 3 sepulchral sherifs in the cell-i Saadet. These are Hazrat. The Prophet, Hazrat. They are the graves of Abu Bakr and Hazrat Umar. Although there have been differences of opinion about the location of these tombs, according to the preferred view, the Tomb of Our Lord is on the Sheriff-i front, on the qibla side of the cell. Hz. Abu Bakr is right behind the Messenger of Allah, his head is at the level of the Messenger of Allah's shoulders. Hz. Umar, Hazrat. Behind Abu Bakr, his head is also Hazrat. It is at the level of Abu Bakr's shoulders.Hz. Mother Aisha, after the Prophet was buried in her room, she continued her life in the same room. His father is Hazrat. When Abu Bakr died two years and two months later, he was buried next to the Messenger of Allah. Hz. Aisha continued to lead her life in the same room again.2. The Caliph Hazrat. When Omar was injured as a result of the assassination committed against him and the moment of death approached, our Lord and the Prophet. To be buried next to Abu Bakr, Hazrat. He asked permission from Aisha. Hz. Our mother Aisha said, "I thought about it for myself, but today I prefer you to my soul.” he allowed himself to be buried by saying.[2]

Hz. Due to the burial of Omar and the entry of a stranger into the room, he built a door by Decking a wall between the graves and the rest of the cell. Our mother Aisha spent her next life in this part. THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE MASJID Al-NABAWI WAS CARRIED OUT BY the Messenger of Allah (p.a.v.) They built it together with the companions of Our Lord. The Prophet (p.a.v.) he personally worked with the body of Mubarak and prayed to those who worked on the construction of the Masjid. When our Lord came to Medina, his camel collapsed at the place where the masjid was to be built. This place belonged to two orphans from Ansar named Sehl and Suheyl. The two orphans who owned the plot were staying in Asad Ibn-i Z Decare's house and under his protection. The Prophet (p.a.v.) he called these two orphans to their happiness of peace and offered them a larger plot to build a mosque on their plot. Dec. They said, "We will forgive him to you, O Messenger of Allah!” they said. But the Prophet (p.a.v.) he bought this land for ten dinars. Hz.He ordered Abu Bakr to pay this money. The plot was surrounded by a wall by Asad Ibn-i Zürare. The Prophet (p.a.v.) Before coming to Medina, Asad Ibn-i Zürare used to gather his friends on Fridays and perform prayers with the congregation here. There were graves of polytheists in the place where the Masjid was to be built. This area covered by wild date palm trees had the appearance of a ruin. By the order of the Messenger of Allah, the graves of the polytheists were transferred to another side. The wild dates were cut down and the pit places were leveled. First, they dug the foundation of the Masjid and deepened it by about a meter and a half, and our Lord laid the first stone on the foundation, and Hazrat Mahdi (as) laid the second stone. Abu Bakr (r.a.) he laid the third stone, Hazrat. Omar (r.a.), the fourth is Hazrat. Osman (r.a.), the fifth stone of the Prophet.Ali (r.a.) they placed.


The Masjid covered an area of about one thousand and fifty square meters, measuring thirty-five meters by thirty meters according to today's measurements. The foundation, which was stone, was continued with adobe. Its poles were made of date palm, and its roof was covered with palm leaves and fibers. Its height is more than two meters, its floor was earth. It has been accepted as mendup for those who are found in the holy lands with the intention of Hajj or umrah to visit the tombs of the Prophet. These visits of those whose financial situation was available were considered important to the extent of wajib, and it was considered heedless to leave unless there was a very big excuse. The dimensions of the Masjid Nebevin: When the masjid was first built, it was 35 * 30 meters wide and 2.5 m high. The foundation of the mosque was made of stone, the walls were made of adobe, the poles were made of palm logs, and the roof was made of thin palm branches.Our Lord saas made the first expansion when he returned from the battle of Khyber in the seventh year of the migration. It added 20 m to its latitude and 15 m to its length and became 50*50 m wide. Located on the current western side, written respectively on the “nebi s.a.the poles inscribed ”the boundary of v's masjid" indicate the boundary of the part where our Lord expanded the argument.Since there are no survivors of the Prophet's prayer, the rooms of Umar b. It was included in the masjid at the time of Abdulaziz.Sultan Abdulmecid (1848-1861 AD) expanded the Masjid Nebevi and made its roof domed, covered it with lead sheets. Abdullah Zuhdu Efendi also wrote verses, hadiths and other writings on the domes, walls, pillars and mihrabs of the Masjid Prophet.Saudi Malik Abdul Aziz (1949-1955 AD) expanded the Masjid Nebeviy on the date, the width became 91 m and the length became 128 m. 12 Opening and closing shades were made in the middle of the structure.Finally, Melik Abdulaziz's son Fahd started the latest expansion in 1984 and it was completed in 1994. It has been expanded by the other three sides except the Qibla side of the previous structure. there are 2103 posts. The distance of the poles is 6*6 m. The distance of those with a dome on it is 18 * 18 m. The opening and closing dome of the Masjid Nebevide is 27 pieces.




“Between my house and my pulpit is a garden of the gardens of paradise, and my pulpit is on the Declivity.”[3] with the sharifs of the hadith, our Prophet drew the boundaries of Ravza (garden of eden) and declared its virtue.The width of Ravza is an area of 330 m2, about 22 meters long and 15 meters wide, between the Hane-i Felicity and the pulpit, and currently distinguished by green carpets, the pillars are made of white marble, the boundaries are tried to be specified Decently. The mercy of Allah is constantly in Ravza.There are various interpretations about the characterization of Ravza-ı Mutahhara as the garden of eden: a- It is a real garden of eden, it will be transferred to paradise in the hereafter. b- The prayers performed here, the Qur'ans being recited, the dhikr and prayers have been likened to paradise because of the abundance, the spiritual peace created by the descent of mercy. c- The worship here has been called the garden of eden because it opens the way to paradise.




Currently, there are 5 mihrabs in the Masjid al-Nabawi. 1- The Mihrab of our Prophet: There was no mihrab in the masjid at the time of our Prophet. After the change of the Qibla towards the Kaaba, the Messenger of Allah, our Lord, performed his prayers for more than ten days. Aisha had made it next to her column. Then they continued to do it near the present altar. This mihrab, which exists today, was built for the first time by Omar bin Abdulaziz. It was also renewed by the sultan Kayzbay of Egypt. Today's altar has been shifted about half a meter to the east from the place where our Lord led the prayer. The place where our Lord prostrated is not in the middle of the current altar, but under the right arch of the altar. On “The Prophet (a.s.)this is where he prays.” it is written.Because the altar was made in this way, it became impossible to step with your feet on the place where the Prophet laid his blessed head while prostrating, and when the person performing the prayer prostrates here, he prostrates on the place where our Lord's feet stepped. 2- Hz.Osman (r.a.) Mihrab: It is the mihrab adjacent to the Qibla wall of the mosque. Hz. Osman (r.a.) after the masjid expansion works carried out during the period of Hazrat. Osman (r.a.) he began to lead the public prayer here. This mihrab was also built by Omar bin Abdulaziz for the first time and renovated by Sultan Kayzbay. 3- Ottoman or Suleymani Mihrab: The pulpit is the mihrab next to the third column at the Sheriff's level. According to Suleyman the Magnificent, “I would rather not stand where the Messenger of Allah prays.” it is the mihrab on the right side of the pulpit that was built with his thought. 4- Teheccud Mihrab: It was the mihrab adjacent to the northern wall of the cell-i Saadet. Our Lord the Messenger of Allah used to come here when people retired to rest and perform the tahajjud prayer. When the situation was noticed by the Companions, they also began to participate in prayer. Within a few days, their number had increased so much that our Lord abandoned performing prayers here with the thought “Night prayer is obligatory on my Ummah, but then they will not be able to do it”. At first, the altar kept its place, but recently it was closed by the Saudis. When the companions look at the maximum from the Suffe direction, it is the place where the protruding bookcase is located under the arch on the left side. 5- Hz. Fatima (r.anha) Mihrab: The Prophet inside the Maqsura. Fatima ( is inside the house of anha). It is impossible to see from the outside.




In the age of Bliss, our Lord was standing when he gave the sermon. He got tired after standing for a long time. A date log was brought, and our Lord leaned on this log and continued his sermons. When the congregation increased, they thought of making a pulpit where the Companions could see the whole and the companions could see our Master comfortably. With the approval of our Lord, a pulpit with three steps was built.When the Prophet started to deliver his sermon from the new pulpit on Friday, the palm stump on which he had previously recited the sermon while leaning began to sound like a suffering camel cub moaning, unable to bear to be separated from the Prophet. Those who were in the mosque at that moment also heard this sound. Our Prophet came down from the pulpit and embraced and stroked the palm stump. The groaning of the log ceased. Our Prophet said, "If I had not embraced him, he would have groaned like this until the day of Judgment.”[4] he said.Our Prophet spoke to the palm stump and said to him: “If you want, I will take you to the place where you used to grow and plant it again. Blossom as before, give fruit, if you want, I will plant it in paradise, drink from the rivers of paradise, grow fruit and let the people of paradise eat it, I will do as you want.” he did. The palm stump preferred the hereafter. By the order of our Lord, this log was buried under the pulpit.[5] Hasan al-Basri cries when talking about this miracle of the log: “When a log cries because I left the side of the Messenger of Allah, shouldn't you burn with longing for the Messenger of Allah and want to meet him?” he would say.Yes, a log groaning with prophetic love! If our Lord was to be loved, he had to be loved like this. The current pulpit is of Sultan III, one of the Ottoman sultans. It was given as a gift by Murad.




1- The Muhallaka Pole is known as the fragrant or Added pole. It is the pillar adjacent to the altar of the Prophet. The palm log, which could not withstand the longing of our Lord, was buried here, and good smells emanated from the place where it was buried. It is a place where our Prophet prayed. Malik bin Anas said: ”The most virtuous of the prayers performed alone is the prayer performed at the foot of this column" and recommended it to everyone. The mother of Caliph Harun Rashid also continued a beautiful fragrance made with a mixture of saffron and other substances to this column. 2- Hz. The Aisha Pole is Hazrat. Aisha is referred to by the name of our mother. After the change of the Qibla, our Prophet prayed here for ten days, and then they went to the altar. They have performed prayers here many times.Our mother Aisha preferred this place when she wanted to perform prayers at the masjid and stated that our Master had said: “There is a place in my Masjid next to this pillar that if people knew its virtue, they would draw kur among them so that they could perform prayers there”: therefore, this pole was named the Kur pole Dec.[6]Hz. Abu Bakr and the Prophet. Umar was also called the Muhajirun column because they made it a habit to perform prayers next to this column. 3- The Pillar of Repentance is known as the pillar of Repentance or Abu Lubaba. Our Prophet was at war with the Beni Qurayza tribe of Jews. This tribe called Abu Lübaba as an envoy and they consulted because of their old friendship.When they asked his opinion about leaving the castle or fighting according to the offer of the Prophet, Abu Lübabe; When he said that they had nothing to do but to leave the fortress according to the orders of our Master, he pointed to his throat with his hand and implied that they would all have their necks blown off.Abu Lubaba immediately realized his mistake. He came to the mosque in remorse, saying, ”I betrayed Allah and the Messenger," and tied himself to this pole. After being tied to the pole for fifteen days, he said, “O you who believe! Do not betray Allah and His Messenger; you will knowingly betray your own trusts.”[7] the verse has been revealed, our Lord has informed that his repentance has been accepted and he has solved it with his own hands.Our Prophet used to perform his futile prayers next to this pillar, lean against this pillar after morning prayers, recite the newly revealed verses to his companions, and interpret the dream of those who were dreaming. 4- The Pillar of the Prophet Muhammad, itikaf (a person's turning to Allah at the masjid by separating himself from the affairs of the world for a while with the intention of worship.when they entered the ), they would spread a mat made of palm branches and fibers here, put a pillow on it and rest. 5- Hares Pole Protection (guard) pole or Hazrat. It is also known as the Ali pole. It is the pillar next to the door of the Prophet's Household. Hz.Ali and some companions used to serve as guards here to protect our Prophet. When the verse “Allah will protect you from people”[8] was revealed, those who were waiting for guard here stopped this duty by the order of our Prophet. 6- The Pillar of Wufud is known as the pillar of Delegations. Our Prophet used to accept the delegations that came to meet with him here. Since the elders of the companions also gathered here, it was called the Majlis-i Kilade or Gerdan Majlis. 7- The Tehajjud Pillar is the place where our Prophet entered Itikaf on the last ten days of Ramadan and performed the tehajjud prayers. It is not visible from the outside because it remains inside the maxure. in the fire that broke out in 1481, the old columns were partially or completely burned, new poles were put in their place and Sultan III placed them on them. Their names were printed by Selim's order.




A canopy and a porch had been built on the northern wall of the Masjid al-Nabawi with palm branches. This was called the ”Suffa or Canopy". The Muslims who stayed here were also given the name ”Companions of Suffa". The vast majority of the companions who stayed here were orphans and bachelors who migrated to Medina, had no homes or relatives. These companions, whose number was about 70, spent most of their days fasting. In the evening, those who had something to offer at home would take them to dinner one by two. If anyone remains, Our Lord the Prophet (p.a.v.) either he would transfer to someone or he would host his own. Some nights they spent hungry, and when they reached the next day, their hunger could be seen from their looks. They were very weak people. Our Prophet personally took care of their welfare. The alms that came to our Lord were delivered to the companions of Suffe without being confiscated. Our Prophet used to visit them and try to relieve their needs. They had only one dress to wear and covered it with their hands when walking so that their avret places would not open. Abu Hurayrah narrates as follows: "I saw seventy of the people of Suffa, one of them did not even have a robe on, he had an izar. They also tied it on their shoulders so that their awret places would not be visible.” They were no longer able to cope with hunger, they often fell to the ground during the resurrection, they could hardly complete the prayer.[9] Foreigners who saw this state of affairs said: "These are crazy!” they would say.[10]


His companions spent most of their Suffe time collecting knowledge and memorizing the Qur'an. Our Prophet used to inform them of the verses that had just been sent down and have them memorize them. They were students who devoted themselves to knowledge, lovers of knowledge. They knew the Quran and Sunnah very well.He was assigned to teach Islam to tribes that were newly Muslim, and their religious learning needs would have been met in this way. Those who married among them left the Suffe, others were taken in their place. It is also narrated that the following verse is about the Companions of Suffa. "Alms are for the poor who have devoted themselves to serving in the way of Allah, so that they cannot travel around the earth and earn a living, and anyone who does not know their condition considers them rich because they are afraid of asking. O My Habib, you will know them by their faces, otherwise they do not insist on asking people for anything, and whatever you donate, Allah, the doubter, knows it for a fact.”[11] These distinguished companions, who had literally dedicated themselves to the path of Allah, would not have missed any advice, any oratory of the Messenger of Allah our Lord. They were always present there, they listened to the speeches and admonitions that were given and conveyed them to the other companions. In this regard, there are services and efforts of Ahli Suffa in the preservation and transmission of Islamic decrees. This scientific committee has a great share in spreading the light of the Qur'an rapidly to all parts of the world in a short time. In this respect, the People of Suffa occupy a separate place in the history of Islam. Abu Hurayrah, who narrated the most hadiths from our Lord, is also from his companions Suffa. Ashab al-Suffa is a kind of the first Islamic University.






“Undoubtedly, the first house established for people as a source of blessings and guidance to the worlds is the one in Mecca (Kaaba). “There are clear signs there, the position of Abraham. Whoever enters there will be safe. It is Allah's right over people that those who are able to make the pilgrimage to that house for those who are able to make their way. Whoever disbelieves should know that Allah is independent of all the worlds.” (Al-Imran 96-97) “




Cleanse my house for those who circumambulate, perform prayers, bow down and prostrate themselves” (Hajj 26)

“It is Allah's right over people that anyone who has the power to reach it should circumambulate the Kaaba.” (al-imram 97)




“O you who believe! Do not go before Allah and His Messenger. And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is the all-hearing, the all-knowing, O you who believe! Do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet. Do not shout loudly at the Prophet, as you shout at one another, lest what you have done will come to naught before you realize it. Those who lower their voices in the presence of the messenger of Allah are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested for piety. For them there is forgiveness and a great reward.” “Indeed, Safa and Marwa are among the symbols of Allah. Therefore, whoever visits the Ka'ba with the intention of Hajj or Umrah, there is no sin for him to perform the circumambulation with them. And whoever does good out of his heart, surely Allah is the giver of His reward and the knower of all things.” (Baccarat 158)”




“They ask you about the crescents. Say, "They are the time limits for people and for the pilgrimage. Maturity is not with you coming to the houses from behind them, but the true ones are the ones who are protected. Come to the houses through their doors and fear Allah, so that you may be successful.” (Baccarat 189)”




“Perform the Hajj and Umrah all right for Allah. If you are restrained, then send the victim that comes easy to you. Do not shave your heads until you reach the place of sacrifice. Whoever of you is sick or has a disease in his head, a ransom of fasting, charity or sacrifice is required for shaving. When you get rid of the restriction, whoever wants to earn rewards by umrah until the Hajj should also take the easy part of the sacrifice. If one does not find this, it is necessary to fast for a total of ten days after returning from three days of pilgrimage and seven days. This provision is for those who do not reside in the Sacred Mosque. Have fear of Allah and know that Allah is severe in punishment." (Baqarah 196) "The time of Hajj is the known months. Whoever starts the pilgrimage during these months, there will be no approaching a woman, no committing sins, no fighting during the pilgrimage. And whatever good you do, Allah knows it. Prepare a provision and come to me in safety from all kinds of evil. For the best provision is piety, O you who have brains!” (Baccarat 197)”




“It is not a sin for you to trade during the Hajj season, seeking sustenance from your Lord. When you return from Purgatory overflowing like a flood, remember Allah with Mashari al-Haram. Remember Him as He has taught you the truth. Indeed, before this, you were indeed among the astray.” (Baccarat 198)


Finally, when you have completed your pilgrimage, remember Allah as you once remembered your fathers, or even with a more enthusiastic remembrance. Because a group of people said: “Our Lord, give us in the world!” says. There is no destiny for him in the hereafter.” (Baccarat 200)”


"And make it known to people on the day of Hajj al-Akbar from Allah and His Messenger that Allah and His Messenger are definitely far from the polytheists. If you repent immediately, it will be better for you. If you do not mind, know that you will not be able to frustrate Allah. And give glad tidings of a painful punishment to those who disbelieve in Allah and the Messenger." (Repentance 3)”


“Or did you consider providing water to the pilgrims and performing Jul-masjid al-Haram as the work of someone who believes in Allah and the last day and strives in the way of Allah? They are not equal in the sight of Allah. Allah does not guide the wrongdoers to a straight path." (Repentance 19) ”


"Proclaim the Hajj among all people so that they will come to you both on foot and on thin camels from a long way away.” (Hajj 27)






“There is no doubt that when Allah created the earth and the heaven, He made this city venerable until the day of Resurrection. He is in a forbidden place by Allah's decree until the Day of Resurrection, his thorn will not be plucked, his prey will not be scared away, and none will take him except a person who will declare that he is lost. And the plant will not be plucked either,”Abbas, O Messenger of Allah, except for izhir grass. Because he is a necessary need. The Messenger of Allah said, "Except for Izhir.” he did. (Muslim, Hajj 766)




Abu Hurayrah (r.a) According to the Prophet. The Prophet (p.a.v), In his speech addressed to Muslims, he said: “O People, Allah has made the Hajj obligatory on you, you have performed the Hajj” (Muslim) “Islam is founded on five basic principles. To bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah is to perform the prayer correctly, to give zakat, to perform the Hajj and to fast during Ramadan.” (Bukhari, Muslim)

Hz. Aisha (r.a) He explains: "O Messenger of Allah, I said, Shouldn't we also go on an expedition to wage jihad with you? Because I do not see a virtuous deed in the Qur'an that is more virtuous than jihad?” My Lord (p.a.v) he replied: “No, but the most virtuous and the most beautiful of jihad is Hajj al-mebrur.” Hazrat. Aisha says: "After hearing this, I never stopped Hajj.” (Bukhari, Nasai)




The Prophet (pbuh.s) My Lord, on his return from the battle of uhud, he said to those around him: ”We are returning from small jihad to big jihad.” he did. The companions said, "O Messenger of Allah, what is the great jihad? when he asked, they replied: “The greatest jihad is in the struggle with the soul (to fulfill the commandments of Allah).” (Beyhaki)


Sahl Ibn Sa'd (r.a) He says: "The Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) they said: ”There is no Muslim in Telbiya who does not have stones, trees, hard earth on his right and left in telbiya with him, this participation (showing his right and left) continues in this and that direction until the last limit of the supply.” (Tirmidhi)


Abu Bakr's-Siddiq (r.a) He says: "To the Messenger of Allah (p.a.v): “Which pilgrimage is more virtuous?” he was asked. "The pilgrimage made by bringing a loud speaker and sacrificing a sacrifice!” he replied.” (Tirmidhi)


Abbas (r.a) He says: "The Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) They said: ”Unite the Decrees between Hajj and Umrah. For they cleanse sin just as the bellows cleanses the impurities from the iron.“ (Nasai, Ibn Mace) "Combine the Decoupling between Hajj and umrah. Because they remove poverty and sins, just as the bellows removes rust from iron, gold and silver... The reward of a Mebrur pilgrimage is definitely paradise." (Tirmidhi) Abu Hurayra (r.a) He tells: My Lord (p.a.v) He says: ”One umrah is atonement for those who committed the other umrah Decently. The reward of the Hajj al-Mabrur (accepted pilgrimage) can be nothing but paradise!“ (Bukhari, Muslim) Ibn Abbas (radiyallahu anhuma) says: "The Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) they said: “Whoever circumambulates the House (Kaaba-i Muazzama) fifty times will come out of his sins and become just like the day he was born from his mother.” (Tirmidhi)


Umm Salama (r.a) He says: "The Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) They said: ”Whoever enters ihram from the Al-Aqsa Mosque to the Haram Mosque for hajj or umrah, all his past and future sins will be forgiven or paradise will be wajib for him.” (Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah)


The Prophet (p.a.v), He said about a person who intends to go to the Kaaba and leaves his house: “For every step his horse takes, a favor is given to him, and his sin is erased.” (Heysemi,)


Hz. Jabir b. Abdullah (r.a) He says: "The Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) they said: ”There is no ihramite who spends his day doing telbiya until evening for the sake of Allah, so that his sins do not set with the sun and return to the (sinless) form in which his mother gave birth to him.” (K.Sitte)


Ibn Abbas (r.a) He says: "The Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) they said: “...An umrah in Ramadan is equivalent to Hajj." (Bukhari, Muslim) Abu Bakr b. Abdurrahman says: "A woman told the Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) by coming: “I had made preparations for Hajj. (A mania) has Decayed to me, what should I do?He said, ”Perform umrah during Ramadan, because umrah in that month is just like Hajj."” (Muwatta, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi)


His Holiness Abu Hurayra (r.a) He says: "One day the Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) He addressed us as follows: ”O people, Hajj has been made obligatory for you. So make a pilgrimage eda!”A man who was in the congregation said:"Every year, O Messenger of Allah?” he asked. The Prophet (p.a.v) did not reply. The man repeated his question three times. He said, "Leave me as I leave you. (If I have been silent, why do you insist on asking?) If “Yes!”if I had said, it would have been wajib to perform Hajj every year, and you would not have been able to do it. Know that what destroyed those before you was that they asked many questions and differed about their messengers. When I order you to do a job, do it as much as you can, and when I give you a prohibition, avoid it (do not try to ask anything you can think of about this command and prohibition!)” (Bukhari, Muslim)


Hz. Ali (r.a) He says: "The Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) our Lord said: "There is no difference between dying as a Jew or a Christian if a person has enough food and a horse to get to Bethlehem, but has not made the pilgrimage Decently. Because Allah Almighty has said: ”A person who can find a way there should make a pilgrimage to the Kaaba for Allah" (Al-Imran 97). [Tirmidhi]


My Lord (p.a.v) he says:“Pilgrims and those who perform umrah are the visitors of Allah and the messengers who come to him. He gives to them when they ask from Him, forgives them when they ask for forgiveness, answers their prayers when they pray to Him. When they intercede for someone, their intercession is accepted.” (Ibn Majah; Ibn Hibban; Beyhaki)


Ibn Umar (r.a) He says:: "The Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) they said. “It is the messenger of Allah who strives hard in the way of Allah, performs Hajj and umrah. That is because Allah invited His servants to do these things, and they responded. On the contrary, they (asked for what they wanted) from Him, and Allah gave them what they wanted.” (K.Sitte)


It is Sunnah to receive prayers from people who go on pilgrimage or umrah and to ask them to associate themselves with their prayers. As a matter of fact, the Prophet who asked permission to perform umrah. To Omar (r.a), The Messenger of Allah (p.a.v): “Brother! Will you also reserve a place for me in your prayer?” "My brother! And do not forget us in prayer,” he said. (Ahmad; Ibn Majah; Abu Dawud; Tirmidhi)


Hz. Omar says: "This was such a prayer request that if I had been given worlds in return, I would never have been so happy.” (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi)


The Prophet (p.a.v) Our Lord declares that in order for good to come from every journey whose name is hajj, umrah, jihad and service, the following conditions must be found:


To set out for the sake of Allah.

To obey the imam and the president in charge.

To offer his beloved property to his brothers for the sake of Allah.

Getting along well with his companions, treating them gently.

Ibn Abbas (r.a) He tells: "The Messenger of Allah (p.a.v) they said: ”Whoever wants to perform Hajj, let him hurry up. Because it happens that a person gets sick (his mount) disappears, a job appears (prevents him from leaving).”



Hajj is a worship performed during the period of time called the Hajj months. The months of Hajj are the first ten days of the month of Dhual-Hijjah and the months of Shawwal and Dhu al-Qada according to the Hijri calendar. Hajj can also be performed without care during these months, it can also be performed together with umrah. Performing the Hajj without care or together with umrah is called eda forms of Hajj. The eda form of Hajj is three:


    1- Ifrad hajj

    2- Kiran hajji

    3- Temettu hajji


1- Ifrad Hajj Ifrad hajj is a pilgrimage performed without care. During the hajj months of the same year, ihram is entered with the intention of hajj without performing umrah before Hajj, and if the hajj is performed only, the ihrad pilgrimage is performed.


2- Breaking Hajj Breaking hajj is to perform umrah and hajj together during the hajj months of the same year, intending to do both with the same ihram. Those who will perform the broken hajj enter ihram by intending both umrah and hajj at the border of miqat or before. They do not leave ihram after performing Umrah, they perform Hajj with the same ihram, then they leave ihram. It is wajib for those who break and perform the dividend pilgrimage to cut the sacrifice thankfully. Fortunately, those who perform the Ifrad pilgrimage do not have to sacrifice the victim.


3- Dividend Hajj Dividend hajj is a pilgrimage performed during the hajj months of the same year by first performing umrah and leaving ihram, then entering ihram for hajj again. Those who will perform the Hajj of dividends enter ihram with the intention of umrah at the border of miqat or before. They leave ihram after performing Umrah. Then, when the time comes, they enter ihram for Hajj. After performing their Hajj, they leave ihram. PERFORMING THE HAJJ Pilgrims leaving our country usually prefer to perform the “dividend hajj” taking into account the difficulties caused by staying in ihram for a long time under different climatic conditions. Taking this situation into account, we will take the “Dividend pilgrimage” as one of the forms of the Hajj as a basis when describing the conduct of the Hajj.


The first job of a person who will perform Hajj is to enter ihram.

Entering Ihram is a condition of Hajj. Hajj cannot be performed without entering Ihram. Ihram is entered for Hajj within the “hajj months”. The months of Hajj are the months of Shawwal and Dhu'l-Qada and the first ten days of the month of Dhu'l-Hijjah. These are the months in which the pilgrimage begins and continues. Umrah is performed first for the dividend hajji. Before entering Ihram, it is passed from the heart that the dividend pilgrimage will be performed. Then ihram is entered. He performs two rak'ahs of prayer with the intention of the Sunnah of Ihram. 1. Kafirun in Rakatta 2. He recites the Ikhlas surahs in the Rakat. He intends to care. The intention of Umrah is as follows: ‘Allah, I intended umrah, make it easy for me and accept it from me.he says 'and brings the telbiye. “Lebbeyk, my God lebbeyk. Lebbeyke la Sherike stain lebbeyke. Inne'l-hamde ve'n ni'mete leke ve'l-mulk, la Sharike lek” "O Allah, I have responded to your command with my word and essence over and over again, I have obeyed your command. There is no partner for you. I have responded to your orders and invitation wholeheartedly and faithfully. You don't have a wife and partner. Indeed, praise is due to you in the blessing. The property is yours. In all this, you have no wife and partner,”he brings telbiye by saying. Ihram is entered into by making the intention and communication, and the “IHRAM PROHIBITIONS” begin.


During the journey, when he encounters any group on high hills, stays and moves again, when he enters a new region or city, he brings telbiye and takbir. It is more convenient for him to bring telbiya and takbirs with single numbers (three, five, seven... etc.). He brings telbiye until he comes to the Kaaba. He does not raise his head and look until he comes in front of the Kaaba, and when the Kaaba appears in front of him with all its splendor, he raises his head and prays. - The corner where Hajar-ul-Aswad is is reached, the intention for circumambulation is made over the line. “O Allah, I want to perform umrah circumambulation for your pleasure. Make it easy for me and accept." Circumambulation is to walk around the Kaaba seven times with sincere feelings, starting at the corner of Hajar al-Aswad and ending at the same corner again. Each of these wanderings is called a SHAVT. Circumambulation begins in Hajar al-Aswad and ends in Hajar al-Aswad. There are Remel in the first three verses of the Umrah Tafav. Remel is to walk with short steps, lightly running, shrugging his shoulders and strutting. Ladies do not do remel. Izdiba, on the other hand, is the opening of the right shoulder of the ihram member during circumcision, it is a sunnah. When starting the circumambulation and coming to the end of each shav, the right hand is raised and slightly turned to Hajar-ul-Aswad and invades by saying Bismillahi Allahu Akbar. If there is no stampede, if no harm is done to anyone else, Hajar-ul-Aswad is kissed.


In Tawaf, people can read the tawaf prayers in the prayer book or the prayers that go through it, or the Noble Qur'an. When the circumambulation is over, Maqam-i Ibrahim performs two rak'ahs of circumambulation prayer (if it is not Kerahat time). In the first rak'ah, Kafirun, and in the second rak'ah, the suras of Ikhlas are read after Fatiha. Then, at the place where the door of the Kaaba is located (It is called Taksim here), the Taksim prayer is recited. After the fast, at least two rak'ahs of prayer are performed at the place called “HATIM”, which is located under the golden hole and surrounded by a wall in the form of an arc. Since this place is considered to be inside the Kaaba, the prayer performed here is as if it were performed inside the Kaaba. After performing the prayer, he recites the prayer to be recited in Hatim. Then drink a lot of zamzam. If possible, we pour it on us and on our bodies without wetting the ground. Then we read the zamzam prayer. It is called the walk between Say Safa and Marwa hills. Dec. This walk is in the form of four arrivals from Safa to Marwa and three arrivals from Marwa to Safa. It starts at Say Safa hill and ends at Merve hill. A trip from Safa to Marwa is called shawt. A count consists of 7 Shavts. By bringing Takbir, Danger, Praise and salawat, one goes up to Safa hill and stops at a place where one can see the Kaaba. And Umrah is intended for the number. “O Allah, I want to count seven Shawts of umrah between Safa and Marwa for your Decrees. Make this worship easy for me and accept it,”the Say begins. Then he starts walking from the Safa hill to the Merve hill. He reads the say prayers in the prayer book or other prayers that he knows. Takbir brings Danger, Salawat and Praise.


When it comes between the two green poles between Safa-Marwa Dec Dec, “”HERVELE” is made. Hervele is the name of walking briskly and vividly. This is Hazrat. It is done to revive the memory of our mother Hajar. It is the sunnah of every shavt of Hervele say. When the seventh shavt is completed in Merve, the Say prayer is performed. After the count is completed, men shave their hair from the bottom or shorten it. Women, on the other hand, cut some of their hair, men cannot shave their beards without shaving or shortening their hair from the bottom. They cannot wear their clothes and do not do other ihram prohibitions. Only the hair is removed from Ihram by shaving. Men shave their hair from the bottom or shorten it. Women, on the other hand, cut a little at the end of their hair. In shortening, the amount to be taken from the ends of the hair is not less than the length of the fingertip. After shaving, the umrah ihram is removed. All ihram prohibitions, including sexual intercourse with one's spouse, are lifted until one enters ihram again for Hajj. Ihram people who have reached the stage of leaving Ihram can shave each other. Unless they reach this stage, ihrams cannot shave someone else. Those who break and intend to perform the ifrad pilgrimage continue to remain ihram. They definitely can't get out of ihram at this stage.


Thus, those who have intended to perform the Hajj of Dividends, after finishing their Umrah and leaving ihram, remain in Mecca without ihram until they enter ihram for hajj. They should evaluate these days as well as possible. They should take care to perform their five-time prayers in the Harem and perform many futile circumambulations whenever they get the opportunity. It is more appropriate for those who come from afar to perform futile circumambulation instead of performing futile prayer. Apart from circumambulation and prayer, they are engaged in recitation of the Noble Qur'an, prayer, dhikr and admonition at the Sacred Mosque. Thus, worshipping is continued until entering ihram for Hajj. When the time comes, one enters ihram for Hajj and goes to Arafat for foundation. In practice, pilgrim candidates who intend to perform the dividend pilgrimage and have performed their umrah and thus are staying in Mecca usually enter Ihram on the eighth day of Dhual-Hijjah (Promotion day) for the hajj pilgrimage. Accordingly, when it comes to the eighth day of Dhual-Hijjah, preliminary preparations are made in the houses in Mecca as indicated in the Umrah ihram. If it is not time for Kerahat, two rakat ihram prayers are performed. Then: "O Allah! I want to make a pilgrimage for your sake. Make it easy and accept it." it is intended to say. After that, telbiye is brought and ihram is entered for hajj. Thus, the ihram prohibitions will begin again. After entering ihram for Hajj, the say of Hajj can be performed after a futile circumambulation before going to Arafat. Those who did the say of Hajj in this way before, no longer do the say after the “circumambulation of the visit”. But what is in accordance with the Sunnah is that the say of Hajj is performed after the circumambulation of the Visit and without ihram. In this way, after entering ihram and performing the Hajj if desired, the caravan moves to Arafat together. During the transfer, telbiya, takbir, threat, salawat are brought and a lot of prayers are prayed. It is tried to take advantage of the blessings of these blessed days as much as possible.


They arrive at Arafat and settle into tents. After resting for a while, the pilgrim candidate turns to Allah with his whole being and prays, brings telbiya, takbir and threats, reads the Koran, performs prayers, sheds tears, repents of his sins, engages in dhikr and rosary. So he continues to worship until noon. The pilgrim candidate, who tries to take maximum advantage of the blessings and blessings of this blessed place and time by being busy with worship in the tents until noon, prepares for the prayer towards noon. After the noon call to prayer is recited, the noon and afternoon prayers are performed together. This is called ”Cem-i present". Noon and afternoon prayers are performed together as follows: After the Adhan is recited, the first sunnah of noon is performed first. Then the kamet is brought and the fard of noon is performed. After the greeting is given, the takbiri of tashrik is brought. After that, the kamet is brought again and the fard of the afternoon is performed. After the greeting, the takbiri of tashrik is brought. Thus, the noon and afternoon prayers are performed with one adhan and two kamets. It is makruh to perform another prayer between these two fard prayers. Dec. For this reason, the last circumcision of noon and the circumcision of afternoon are not performed. The Foundation is performed after the prayer. "Foundation" means to stop. The Foundation of Arafat, on the other hand, is to be present within the borders of Arafat as an ihram for hajj at the appointed time. The foundation of Arafat is the most important principle of the Hajj. Because those who could not be there during the period are considered to have failed to reach the Hajj that year. Hz. The Prophet said, ”Hajj is Arafat". Arafat is 25 km from Mecca. It is the name of a large area located in the south-east. The Arafat foundation is made in this area. The boundaries of this large area are shown by plates. In order for the Arafat foundation to be valid, it is necessary to have entered the hajj ihram and to be in Arafat within the specified period. The time of the foundation of Arafat, Dhul Hijjah 9. it is the time from the moment when the Sun reaches its peak at noon on Eve and begins to tilt to the West (from the time of Zeval) to the moment when the place of tan, which we call fajr-i sadiq, begins to dawn on the first day of Eid. No matter what state he is in during this time (whether he is asleep, unconscious, aware of the foundation, or not), the person who is there for a moment fulfills his obligation to the foundation. On the eve of Arafat, after the noon and afternoon prayers are performed by combining them, one stands up and turns against the Qibla.


it is mustahab to perform the arafat prayer standing up. Telbiye, takbir, threats and salawat are brought. Repentance, asking for forgiveness and praying are accepted. The main thing is that everyone prays as it comes from within. However, those who want can read the Arafat Foundation prayer in the Prayer book. After the foundation has been made in this way for a while and many prayers have been prayed, the pilgrims try to evaluate the remaining time until they come down from Arafat with worship, prayer and dhikr again. Being in Arafat on the eve of hajj ihram is one of the greatest benefits for a Muslim. Because the prayers performed in this holy place and during this blessed time period are not rejected. Therefore, a Muslim in Arafat should purify his heart from all worldly thoughts and gail, turn to Allah with all sincerity, open his hands and beg, remember his sins and repent in tears, ask forgiveness and forgiveness, sincerely pray for himself, his parents, siblings, children, relatives, members of his nation and all Muslims. Every minute of the time period in Arafat has a great value. He should not waste this precious time with useless conversations, unnecessary preoccupations and unnecessary visits from friends and colleagues. Especially, one should strongly avoid giving distress and torment to others, bad words and behaviors, and some unnecessary discussions, even if justified. It should be known that just as the rewards are doubled in this blessed place, sins are also folded. Since the transfer from Arafat to Musdelife will begin after sunset, the necessary personal preparations are made close to evening. With the setting of the sun, the movement from Arafat to Muzdelife begins. The caravans depart within a certain plan. The evening prayer is not performed on its own time, as it will be performed at nightfall in Musdelife, combined with the nightfall prayer (jem-i tehir). On the way, telbiye, takbir, threat, salawat and prayer are continued again. As much as possible, these precious times are tried to be evaluated. When arriving at Musdelife, the evening and night prayers are performed together at the time of isha.


After entering at the time of nightfall and reciting the adhan, the kamet is brought and the evening prayer is performed first. After saluting, the takbiri of tashrik is brought. Then, it is made fard for the bed without the adhan being recited and the kamet being brought. After the greeting, the takbiri of tashrik is brought again. Thus, the fard of two times is performed with an adhan and a kamet. This is called ”Cem-i tehir". After that, the last circumcision of the yacht can be performed. Then the vitir prayer is performed. After the evening and night prayers are performed by combining them in this way, one is engaged in worship until the time of the ”foundation". If necessary, rest is provided. The stones that will be thrown at Satan's stoning (jamaratta) are collected. It is not obligatory to collect these stones from Muzdelife. It can also be collected from elsewhere. The stones should be larger than chickpeas and smaller than nuts. If there is a possibility that the stones are not clean, they are washed.Jul. Muzdelife is the name of a region between Arafat and Mina and within the borders of the Harem. Dec. The boundaries of Muzdelife are indicated with plates. Waqf making in Muzdelife is one of the wajips of hajj. The foundation of Musdelife is performed on the night of the feast, from midnight until sunrise. Whoever is here for a short moment during this period, in any case, is considered to have fulfilled his duty to the foundation. However, what is appropriate for the Sunnah is that the foundation of Musdelife is performed after the morning prayer. There is so much that there is no harm in doing the foundation and leaving after midnight, as indicated due to the stampede.


During the above-mentioned period, as in the Arafat foundation, telbiya, takbir, threat, salawat are brought and prayers are prayed. The main thing is that everyone prays as it comes from within. However, those who want can read the “Musdelife Foundation Prayer” in the Prayer book. After the Müzdelife foundation, the move to Mina is made. The caravans depart within the framework of a certain plan. Along the way, telbiye, takbir and hazla are continued and the tents to stay in Mina are reached. Those who want to rest here for a while and relieve their needs. Then, at a suitable time when there is no stampede, the Great Satan (Aqaba Cemre) is stoned to the devil stoning (cemarat) area. In practice, Turkish pilgrims are usually taken to stoning after evening prayers. On the 1st, 2rd, 3rd and 4th days of the festival, it is one of the wajips of the pilgrimage to properly throw stones at the three sets of stones located in Mina and called “Big Satan-Aqaba Jamre”, “Middle Satan-Middle Jamre” and “Little Satan-Little Jamre”. On the first day of the feast, 7 stones are thrown at the Big Devil, and on the second, third and fourth days, 21 stones out of seven are thrown at each of the three devils. Grinding is done from small to large. However, if you do not stay in Mina, there is no need to throw stones on the fourth day. In practice, no stones are thrown on this day because there is no stay in Mina on the fourth day of the feast.


Satan stoning; evil, injustice, cruelty and bullying carries the meaning of a protest. With this act, the pilgrim who stones satan has demonstrated his opposition to satan, those who follow the way of satan and all evil, and has revealed that he will never follow satan from now on. Approaching the cluster where the stones are thrown, the stone to be thrown is held with the tips of the fingers of the head and martyrdom of the right hand. He is thrown out by saying, ”Bismillah, despite Allahu akbar, li'sh-satanic and hizbih". Each of the stones should be thrown separately. If all of them are thrown at once, it is considered that one stone has been thrown. The stones should be thrown in such a way that they fall on the clusters or into the pools that surround the clusters. On the first day of the feast, “7” stones are thrown at the Great Devil as described. The telbiye is terminated with the first stone thrown. The time of stoning on the first day starts from midnight and continues until dawn on the second day of the feast. On the second day of the feast, a total of 21 stones are thrown from 7 to each of the three devils, starting from the smallest one. The grinding on the second day begins at the time of zawal, that is, at noon, when the sun reaches its peak and turns to the west, and continues until the dawn of the night. On the third day of the feast, as on the second day, a total of 21 stones are thrown from 7 to each of the three devils, starting with the little devil. On the third day, the time of grinding begins before the time of zeval, that is, at noon, when the sun reaches its peak and turns to the west, and it continues until the dawn of the night. Those who have not left Mina until the dawn of the tan on the fourth day of the feast throw a total of 21 stones of the “7”evil to all three devils from the dawn of the tan place until the sun sets.


Those who leave Mina before dawn do not need to throw stones on this day. So is the practice. In grinding, instead of the stampede hours of the daytime, which are very crowded, the secluded night hours or evening hours should be preferred. After stones are thrown at small and medium demons, if possible, they step aside and pray. After a stone is thrown at the great devil, it is not expected, it is immediately abandoned. Those who are able should throw the stones themselves. They cannot make someone else throw by giving power of attorney. Those who are unable to throw the stones themselves with excuses such as illness, old age and disability, have the stones thrown to someone else by giving power of attorney. It is wajib for stones that cannot be thrown on time to be thrown until the sun sets on the fourth day of the feast. If it is not thrown out, a penalty is required. It is wajib for those who perform the Dividend and Breaking Hajj to cut off the hajj sacrifice (thankfully, the hedyi). Although it is in accordance with the Sunnah that the Hajj sacrifice should be cut off after throwing a stone at the great satan, it is possible that it should be cut off before throwing a stone. The Hajj sacrifice is cut off within the borders of the Harem Region from the moment the place of tan begins to dawn on the first day of the feast. Everyone can eat the meat of the Hajj sacrifice, including the owner. Those who perform the Hajj of Dividends and Breaking, if they do not find the opportunity to sacrifice, they fast for ten days instead. Three days of this ten-day fast are kept (in Mecca) before the Hajj and after entering the hajj ihram. The most suitable are 7, 8 and 9. It is kept on the days of Dhul Hijjah. The remaining seven days are kept after the pilgrimage, including after the fourth day of the feast. It is more appropriate to keep these seven days after returning to the country. It is not necessary to keep them one after the other.


Pilgrims do not have to cut the sacrifice (Udhiyya) that every Muslim who carries their conditions cuts during Eid al-Adha. But they can cut it in vain to earn rewards. If they want to cut this victim in vain, it would be more appropriate for them to cut it in their hometown by giving power of attorney. On the first day of the feast, a stone is thrown at the Great satan and a sacrifice is made, then shaving and leaving the ihram. Although it is appropriate for the Sunnah to throw a stone at the Great Satan first, then sacrifice, then shave and get out of ihram, it is possible to shave and get out of ihram before throwing a stone or making a sacrifice. As it is also explained about the exit from the ihram of Umrah, men shave their hair from the bottom or shorten it in order to exit the ihram. Women, on the other hand, cut a little at the end of their hair. Thus, the first stage of the exit from the hajj ihram takes place. This is called the ”first tehallul". At this stage, all ihram prohibitions are lifted except for sexual intercourse with his wife. The prohibition on sexual intercourse is lifted only after the circumambulation of the Visit. The circumambulation of visiting is one of the fard of Hajj. It is one of the two pillars of Hajj. This is also called ”Performing circumambulation". The time of visiting circumambulation starts from midnight on the first day of Eid and continues until the end of life. In practice, the circumambulation of the visit is performed after shaving and leaving the ihram. Although it is proper for the circumambulation of the visit to be performed on the first three days of the feast, it can also be performed on later days, before saying, “O Allah! I want to make a visit circumambulation for your consent. Make it easy and accept it,” he is intended to say. Then, the tawaf is started by coming to the Hajar-i-Aswad level, as described in the “Construction of Tawaf”, and tawaf is completed with seven shawts. After the circumambulation is completed, the circumambulation prayer is performed as indicated. Thus, the second stage of the Hajj will also be completed. With the completion of the circumambulation of the visit, the second stage of the exit from the hajj ihram also takes place. This is called the ”second tehallul". Thus, the prohibition of sexual intercourse with his wife will also be eliminated. It is more suitable for Sunnah to perform the circumambulation of visitation after shaving and leaving ihram.


Women who are in a special state postpone the circumambulation of the visit until this state ends. Those who have not performed the say of Hajj before going to Arafat, do this say after the circumambulation of the visit. Counting is one of the wajibs of Hajj. Those who have not performed the hajj say before going to Arafat perform the hajj say after the circumambulation of the visit, intending to say, “Allah, I want to perform the hajj say for Your pleasure, make it easier and accept it,” as previously stated on the “Say”. It is more suitable for Sunnah to perform Hajj say after shaving and leaving ihram. After that, the pilgrim takes care to perform the prayer in the Harem-i Sharif five times during his stay in Mecca. He does a lot of futile circumambulation. He also performs a “Farewell Circumambulation” when he leaves Mecca. It is wajib for those who have come from far away on the Hajj, that is, from outside the borders of Miqat (Afaki), to perform the “Farewell Circumambulation” before leaving Mecca. This is the last duty that pilgrims will perform in relation to the Hajj (copy). This is also called ”Sader Circumambulation". Farewell Circumambulation, “O Allah! I want to make a Farewell circumambulation for your sake. Make it easy and accept it,” it is done with the intention of doing it just like other circumambulations. After the circumambulation, after the circumambulation prayer is performed, a lot of prayers are prayed, forgiveness and forgiveness are begged. Tears are shed. Finally, in the sadness of separation, farewell is said to the Kaaba and the Sacred Mosque with tears. If any futile circumambulation is performed after the circumambulation of the visit and it is necessary to leave Mecca without performing the circumambulation of the farewell, this futile circumambulation is considered to be the circumambulation of the farewell. If women who are in a special state have to leave Mecca before the end of this state, they will not perform farewell circumambulation, so there is no punishment required.



Ihram is to make certain things forbidden to him that are permissible to do other than Hajj and umrah (such as crawling on a smell, cutting nails, shaving). This also happens with intention and telbiye. With this ihram, Hajj or umrah begins. When we take off our clothes to enter Ihram, we say: "O my Lord! I can take off my clothes, but I can't take off my sins. Throw them away from me with your mercy, O Lord,”he passes through his heart. When he was dressed in Ihram, he said: "O my Lord! I close my places of decency, but I can't close my sins. And close them with your mercy, O Lord,” he says. Like a dead person wrapped in a shroud. Just as the dead cannot do anything, the ihrami cannot pluck even a hair. The patient taken to the operating room is now kept away from his home and relatives. He is prepared for surgery and dressed in surgical clothes. In this sense, Ihram is our surgical dress that we wear for spiritual surgery.


How to Enter Ihram?


Ihram is entered with ”Intention“ and ”Telbiye". "Intention” and "Telbiye" are the bows of ihram. Without these, the entry into ihram will not take place. The intention is “O Allah, I want to make umrah. Make it easy and accept it,” he intends. Telbiye means (Lebbeyk Allahumme lebbeyk, lebbeyk la şerike leke lebbeyk, innel hamde ve'n-nimete leke ve'l mulk la şerike lek). “Oh, my God! I'm responding to your invitation. I obey your order. I have surrendered to you with my whole being. You don't have any partners. I am responding to your invitation again and again. Indeed, praise is due to you. The blessing is yours, and the property is yours... You have no partner.”


Thus, when the intention is made and the telbiye is told, ihram is entered. However, there are some things that must be done as sunnah or mustahab before entering ihram. These should also be observed when entering Ihram. According to this: a person who wants to enter Ihram cuts his nails as a preliminary preparation. If necessary, he cleans the armpit and pubic hair, shaves the hair and beard and straightens the mustache. Gusleder if possible. Since this gusle is made for cleaning purposes, ladies who are in a special situation also gusle. Gusul performs ablution when it is not possible. If there is a good smell creeps. He takes off his normal clothes and underwear that he wears (singlet and kilot) and wraps himself only in two pieces of ihram veil called “izar” and “rida”. He opens his head, takes off his socks and shoes. He wears slippers and things like that. Ladies do not change their normal clothes. After that, if it is not kerahat time, he performs two rak'ahs of “ihram prayer”. After the prayer, he intends in the manner indicated above. He also tells the radio in a loud voice behind him. Ladies don't raise their voices when they're on the radio. With the execution of the intention and telbiye, ihram is entered and the “ihram prohibitions” begin. Anyone who enters Ihram is called “muhrim” as long as he is ihram.


Ihram of Women When it comes to entering Ihram, women are just like men. However, women do not change their normal clothes and clothes. They can wear socks, shoes and gloves. They cover their heads. But they leave their faces uncovered. When bringing telbiya and takbir, they do not raise their voices when praying. Women who are in a special state should take into account the following when entering ihram: if they have to go to Arafat before their menstruation ends, they should intend to perform the ifrad pilgrimage.


Where is Ihram Entered?


There are designated points for entering Ihram around Mecca. Each of these is called a “miqat”. Those who come for Hajj or umrah from outside the Miqat borders cannot cross these borders without ihram. According to this: a. Pilgrim candidates who will go directly to Mecca enter ihram at the airport where the plane will take off or at their homes, since the planes land in Jeddah and Jeddah is located within the miqat borders. If necessary, the aircraft can also be entered inside the aircraft without crossing the micat border. However, it should not be preferred to enter ihram on the plane due to its practical difficulty. b. The candidates of pilgrims who will go to Medina before the Hajj are staying in the houses in Medina or 11 km from Medina on the Mecca road. they enter ihram at the “Dhul-Huleyfe” (Abyar-i Ali), which is located far away. We have stated that those who will perform Hajj or Umrah will not be able to cross the miqat border without ihram. Those who wear ihram after crossing the miqat border without ihram should be punished. If those who are in this situation have not yet performed one of the duties related to hajj and umrah and return to any miqat limit and re-enter ihram, the penalty will be reduced.


Prohibitions on Ihram Certain activities and behaviors are prohibited for a person who enters Ihram. These are called ”ihram prohibitions". These prohibitions start from the moment of entering ihram, that is, from the moment of intention and telbiye, and continue until they leave ihram. It is wajib for a person with Ihram to comply with the “prohibitions of ihram”. Those who violate the prohibitions should be punished according to the type of prohibition and the type of violation. The things that are forbidden for the Ihrami are: to have sexual intercourse or to make love, to kiss, to play.... Engaging in behaviors that lead to sexual intercourse, such as. To talk about things that provoke sensual feelings. Cutting nails, shaving the hair beard, plucking or cutting hairs anywhere on the body, lubricating the beard and mustache, dyeing, applying anantine or jelly to the hair, women use nail polish and lipstick, applying fragrance to the body or ihram veil and using perfume. Wearing a dress, covering the head and face, wearing gloves, socks, heels. Women do not take off their normal clothes. Except that they keep their faces uncovered during Ihram.

To cut and pluck the plants of the region called Harem (Mecca and its surroundings). (Cutting and plucking the plants of the harem area is also forbidden for those who are without ihram.) Harming others, fighting, cursing, using bad words and behaviors.


The following are not prohibited for Ihramli:


It is not forbidden for an Ihram to wash, use odorless soap, brush teeth, have a tooth extraction, pluck a broken nail and a damaging hair, have blood drawn, have an injection, have a bandage wrapped on a wound, wear a wristwatch, ring and bracelet, use a belt, hang a bag on the shoulder, buy blankets, pikes and similar things without covering the face and head, take coats and similar clothes on the shoulder without wearing.

Here, pilgrim candidates who have duly entered ihram reach Mecca by obeying the prohibitions of ihram, saying telbiya, takbir, tehlil and salavat-ı şerif. They pray because they have reached the harem area. Those who want can read the prayer that can be read at the Entrance to Mecca in the Prayer book.

After settling in the houses and resting, they go to the Harem-i Sharif without spending much time bringing telbiye and takbir. When they see the Kaaba, they cut off the telbiye and pray with threats and takbirs. Then they perform the ”Umrah circumambulation".



 Certificate from the Mufti Office “Can Register with the Agency for the Year XXX Hajji"


Passport valid for at least one year, (Passport with Blank Visa Page, not older than 10 Years as of the date of travel)


Back-to-front photocopy of the Identity Card


2 passport size photos taken with a white background in the size of 4 x 6


A photocopy of the marriage certificate of those who go with their spouse or a sample of the incident registration


Meningitis Vaccine Card


Under the age of 45, they will go with a male intimate (father, own uncle, own uncle oz brother V.b.) a sample of the population registration of women and a consent and commitment certificate are required.


Ladies under the age of 45 who will go alone cannot participate in the trip unless a real man is intimate with them, Register in the passport of Mom or Dad, children must necessarily stick pictures and seal.


Example of Consent:


For the Umrah visit (My wife, daughter, son, etc) .............................. arise. ……………... The Daughter ..............................’ un to Saudi Arabia (father, brother, uncle, brother, uncle, etc) ........................................................... I agree with him to go to Saudi Arabia for an Umrah visit. The Consenting ........................ Address ........................ Signature ……………………




Dear Pilgrim Candidates;

in the year of hajj 2023, the Ministry of Hajj of Saudi Arabia announced that the scanning of passport information and recording of biometric information, which must be done at the airport of arrival in order to reduce the waiting time at the airport and ensure that pilgrim candidates arrive at their hotels as soon as possible, will be done Jul via the Saudi Visa Bio application installed on the mobile phones of pilgrim candidates before the visa is issued.

In order to complete this process, we need to download the Saudi Visa Bio application to the mobile phone and register the e-mail address installed on the mobile phone in the system during the registration process. At the same time, a photo of the pilgrim candidate's passport or a clear copy of the passport's photo page must be taken during the registration process.

1. In the step, the Hajj option should be selected on the Visa Type page.
2. In the step, it is necessary to scan the photo page of the passport by clicking on the Scan Passport tab.When the scan is successful, the copy of the passport will appear on the screen. Click on the box below and continue by pressing the Continue button. Continue by pressing the Continue button on the next page.
3. Visa Application Details (Visa Application Details)

The Issuing Embassy option should be selected as Turkey/Istanbul.
In the Previous Visa option, you will be asked if a visa has been obtained to Saudi Arabia before. Pilgrim candidates who check the Yes option are asked for the passport number from which they received the old visa. Therefore, pressing the No key to continue shortens the process.

From the bottom of the next page, a face photo of the hadji candidate is taken with the Start Face Capture button.

The face should be placed in the middle of the screen, the photo should be taken so that two rings overlap.

If the 'Move Closer' warning appears, the camera should be moved closer to the face.
'Plain Background Required! if a warning appears, the back ground should be flat and light single color. (It may be in front of a white wall).

Then, the image of the left hand thumb, the left hand 4 finger together, then the right hand thumb, then the right hand 4 finger should be uploaded to the system, respectively.

While the captured images are being uploaded to the system, the 'PROCESSING' phrase appears in the bottom center of the screen.
If the installation is not successful, it may require some fingers to be installed one by one.

After the upload is completed, the passport photo taken at the beginning of the process and the biometric image of the fingerprint are displayed on the screen. When these images are approved, the process is completed.
The confirmation email goes to the email address used when registering when the transaction is completed.












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